[2], The FAA has proposed a fine of approximately $3.9 million for Boeing's alleged installation of the same faulty components of the 737 MAX on some 133 737 NGs. At that time, twelve customers had ordered the package for more than 250 airframes. The Classic cabin was then redesigned once more for the third, Next Generation, 737 with a design based on the Boeing 777 cabin. [114], The 737's main landing gear, under the wings at mid-cabin, rotates into wheel wells in the aircraft's belly. After the introduction of the Next Generation series, Boeing introduced the Boeing Business Jet (BBJ) series. The sides of the tires are exposed to the air in flight. The flight deck was upgraded with modern avionics, and passenger cabin improvements similar to those on the Boeing 777, including more curved surfaces and larger overhead bins than previous-generation 737s. [165] In 2017, there were 6,858 737 airliners in service (5,968 737NGs plus 890 737-200s and classics),[166] less than the 6,965 A320 family. It has been produced since 1996 and introduced in 1997, with a total order of 7,097 aircraft, of which 7,031 have been delivered as of May 2019[update].[1][26]. Pics of : Boeing 737 800 Seating Capacity. Boeing and engine supplier CFM International (CFMI) solved the problem by placing the engine ahead of (rather than below) the wing, and by moving engine accessories to the sides (rather than the bottom) of the engine pod, giving the 737 Classic and later generations a distinctive non-circular air intake. The wingtip was extended 9 in (23 cm), and the wingspan by 1 ft 9 in (53 cm). [47] [2] The 737NG is superseded by the fourth generation 737 MAX, introduced in 2017. An optional Enhanced Short Runway Package was developed for use on short runways. [84], The 737 MAX 7, a shortened variant of the MAX 8, was originally based on the 737-700, flying 1,000 nmi (1,900 km) farther and accommodating two more seat rows at 18% lower fuel costs per seat. [1] The 737-600 replaced the 737-500 and is similar to the Airbus A318. Boeing instead demonstrated an "equivalent level of safety". The smallest of the new variants, the −600 series, is identical in size to the −500, launching in December 1997 with an initial flight occurring January 22, 1998; it was granted FAA certification on August 18, 1998. In 1980, preliminary aircraft specifications of the variant, dubbed 737-300, were released at the Farnborough Airshow. Development began in 1979 for the 737's first major revision, which was originally introduced as the 'new generation' of the 737. The empty fuselage from Spirit AeroSystems in Wichita, Kansas, enters the plant on Day 1. [175][better source needed] The 737 MAX backlog fell by 182, mainly due to the Jet Airways bankruptcy, a drop in Boeing's airliner backlog was a first in at least the past 30 years. Span: 112 ft 7 in / 34.32 m, with winglets: 117 ft 5in / 35.79m; Width: 12 ft 4 in (3.76 m); Cabin width: 11 ft 7 in (3.53 m); Cabin height: 86.6 in (2.20 m), 41,000 feet (12,497 m) Ceiling, Mach 0.82 (470 kn; 871 km/h) MMo, Fan tip diameter: 61 in (155 cm), length: 103.50 in (263 cm), *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 20:13. As of September 30, 2020, a total of 7,110 737NG aircraft had been ordered, of which 7,064 had been delivered, with remaining orders for the -700W, -800, and -800A variants. [19][23] The inaugural flight for United Airlines took place on April 28, 1968, from Chicago to Grand Rapids, Michigan. [43][44] Consequently, in that year carriers retired Boeing 737 Classic aircraft to reduce fuel consumption; replacements consisted of more efficient 737 Next Generation or A320 family aircraft. The 800 was developed to replace the 727 on short routes. Boeing 737-900ER (739) Boeing 737-900ER (739) Blocking Seats for More Space On Board. It filled also the gap left by Boeing's decision to discontinue the MD-80 and MD-90 aircraft, following Boeing's merger with McDonnell Douglas. [76] The 737 MAX had its first flight on January 29, 2016, and gained FAA certification on March 8, 2017. [18] The lengthened -200 was widely preferred over the -100 by airlines. The pilot's muscle forces alone control the tabs. [61], The 737-500 was offered as a modern and direct replacement of the 737-200. In the midyear 2020, the FAA and Boeing conducted a series of recertification test flights. The four main models of the series can accommodate seating for 108 to 215 passengers. The 737 has evolved four winglet types: the 737-200 Mini-winglet, 737 Classic/NG Blended Winglet, 737 Split Scimitar Winglet, and 737 MAX Advanced Technology Winglet. This leaves the flight controls as a single point of failure, for example by metal fragments from an uncontained engine failure penetrating the wings or fuselage.[122]. [67], The 737-700ER (Extended Range) was launched on January 31, 2006 and featured the fuselage of the 737-700 and the wings and landing gear of the 737-800. [69] In January 2014, three 737-900ER aircraft had been configured as BBJ3 business jets for Saudi Arabian customers. The main development was to re-engine with CFM LEAP-1B very high bypass ratio. [98] The 737 MAX 9 replaced the 737-900 and competed with Airbus A321neo, The MAX 10 was proposed as a stretched MAX 9 in mid-2016, enabling seating for 230 in a single class or 189 in two-class layout, compared to 193 in two-class seating for the A321neo. A total of 30 737-100s were ordered by Lufthansa 22, Malaysia–Singapore Airlines (MSA) five and Avianca two aircraft with the final commercial delivery took place on October 31, 1969 to MSA. The MAX 8 would seat between 162 to 178 passengers, while the MAX 9 would seat 178 to 193 passengers, depending on the configuration. Winglets were not an option. [164], In 2016, there were 6,512 737 airliners in service (5,567 737NGs plus 945 737-200s and 737 Classics), more than the 6,510 A320 family. A single airplane was then produced in the Boeing Renton Factory in 10 days, less than half what it was a few years before. The 737-600 replaces the 737-500 and is similar to the Airbus A318. A winglet lift credit, achieved through additional winglet testing, that reduces the minimum landing-approach speeds. The further stretched 737 MAX 10 has also been added to the series. [50] The first was delivered on February 16, 2007, to ANA with 24 business class and 24 premium economy seats only. Owing to the 737's long production history and popularity, many older 737s have found use in museums after reaching the end of useful service. [5] Launch customer Hapag-Lloyd Flug (now TUIfly) received the first one in April 1998.[52]. The 737-900 also retains the MTOW and fuel capacity of the −800, trading range for payload. [35] Higher MTOWs are offered. The Boeing 737 Original is the name given to the -100/200 and -200 Advanced series of the Boeing 737 family. The first 737-900ER was rolled out of the Renton, Washington factory on August 8, 2006, for its launch customer, Lion Air, an Indonesian low-cost airline. Which gives travelers priority boarding, extra legroom and faster disembarking for a fee of €17/£15. [14], The concept design was presented in October 1964 at the Air Transport Association maintenance and engineering conference by chief project engineer Jack Steiner, where its elaborate high-lift devices raised concerns about maintenance costs and dispatch reliability.[8]. The -700 seats 126 passengers in a two-class or 149 passengers in a one-class layout. The wing, engine, and fuel capacity improvements combined increase the 737's range by 900 nmi (1,700 km) to over 3,000 nmi (5,600 km),[37] permitting transcontinental service. It was equipped with CFM56-7 high pressure ratio engines, a glass cockpit, and upgraded interior configurations. The Jet2 Boeing 737-300 has 148 seats in a single- class and single isle configuration. In July 2008, Boeing offered Messier-Bugatti-Dowty's new carbon brakes for the Next-Gen 737s, which are intended to replace steel brakes and will reduce the weight of the brake package by 550–700 pounds (250–320 kg) depending on whether standard or high-capacity steel brakes were fitted. After 40 years, in March 2008, the final 737-200 aircraft in the U.S. flying scheduled passenger service were phased out, with the last flights of Aloha Airlines. The seating arrangement consists of 12 Business and 162 Economy seats. As of May 2019, 52 -900s, 504 -900ERs, and seven -900 BBJ3s have been delivered with 1 unfilled order. Maximum take-off weight. [68], The Boeing 737-800 was a stretched version of the 737-700 launched on September 5, 1994. The -100/200 original variants were powered by Pratt & Whitney JT8D low-bypass engines and offered seating for 85 to 130 passengers. The flight test program used 10 aircraft: 3 -600s, 4 -700s, and 3 -800s.[8]. Following the merger between Boeing with McDonnell Douglas in 1997, the primary competitor for the 737NG series remained only the A320 family. When regular Boeing customer United Airlines bought the more technologically advanced Airbus A320 with fly-by-wire controls, this prompted Boeing to update the slower, shorter-range 737 Classic variants into the more efficient, longer New Generation variants. [62] The aircraft is designed to fly up to 1,995 nmi (3,695 km) at a MTOW of 174,100 lb (79,000 kg).[63]. The 737-800 is the most widely used narrowbody aircraft and competes primarily with the Airbus A320.[70]. The 737-700C is a convertible version where the seats can be removed to carry cargo instead. [129] A 737-700ER can typically accommodate 126 passengers in two classes with a range similar to the Airbus A319LR. Inspired by the Boeing Business Jet, it features the fuselage of the 737-700 and the wings and landing gear of the 737-800. [68], On October 11, 1999, Boeing launched the BBJ2. "Hub caps" complete the aerodynamic profile of the wheels. This aircraft, the 2,843rd 737 built, first flew on February 9, 1997, with pilots Mike Hewett and Ken Higgins. The -500 has faced accelerated retirement due to its smaller size, after 21 years in service compared to 24 years for the -300. The Boeing 767-300ER which is a derivative of the -300 model is equipped with a central fuel tank for additional coverage and additional seating capacity. 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